Laos is one of the poorest countries in all of Southeast Asia with a great percentage of its people in poverty. It’s wedged in between two vastly larger and vastly more successful countries, leaving it in the dust in terms of economical growth and prosperity of its people. Laos has been fighting and gaining political independence, breaking free from its French Protectorate roots in 1949. Its civil war also brought it political freedom from communism in 1975. Laos is probably most familiar to Americans due to its role in the Vietnam War.

Laos is and always has been heavily dependent on its neighbors. Cities continue to grow due to trade but one of the biggest issues plaguing the country is its lack of infrastructure, a major weakness. There are hardly any railways to allow for the transportation of goods and, even though the major roadways have gotten paved in the past few years, most of the country is still only accessible through unpaved roadways. Communication also poses a problem as most of the area, outside of the major urban development, is inaccessible even to electricity, a weakness both to visitors and its citizens.

One of the major sources of pride to Laos is the Lao Brewery. There are 3 types of beer produced, all varying shades of the name Beerlao. Beerlao has actually grown in popularity across the globe and at the moment has 12 countries of export. This list is increasing and the effects are also helping to increase the country’s economy as a whole. Most of the GDP is still in the form of subsistence agriculture, equating for more than half and also provides 80% of the employment in the country. The government has been utilizing reforms and developing things such as International Rice Research Institute, one of the great strengths.

The Laos economy also receives aid from such sources as ICF, ADB, and other such international institutions. There have also been an increasing number of foreign investments to help grow Laos’ society and industry. Tourism is actually the fastest growing industry but on the flip side of what Laos has to offer, its smartest people are being taken away. In 2000 alone, they suffered a skilled emigration rate of 37.4% which has been a weakness to the industries. While Laos is considered a poor country with many citizens in poverty, it is high in valuable substances and commodities like rice, a key strength of the country. The country and foreign investors are working to help to grow Laos into a thriving nation. It you want to experience something truly amazing then Laos would be for you.

Fertigator Fertilizer systems are a type of fertigation system. Fertigation, usually used among landscapers, is a type of automatic fertilizer injection system that can be connected to any in-ground sprinkler system. You might consider this process as a form of spoon feeding your soil, since the objective is to send small amounts of fertilizer through an irrigation system each time the system becomes active. The actual process of fertigation has been used in agriculture for over three decades. Even other retail industries have begun using this technology to their advantage.

Fertigator Fertilizer systems refer to a type of fertigation system and one that is sold by the Fertigator Company to consumers or commercial businesses. Fertigator Fertilizer systems are becoming increasingly popular by both personal and professional markets who appreciate the simplicity involved. What are the benefits of these systems? The technology involved (supplying plants with small amounts of fertilizer on a consistent basic and through an irrigation system) allows plants to thrive in a healthier environment. The fertigation process keeps nutrients flowing regularly, and plans need these nutrients if they are to grow. Some landscapers might recommend slow-release fertilizers instead of fertigation systems (since seemingly, these fertilizers would perform the same action), however, these systems are more time consuming and tend to be on the expensive side.

When you compare Fertigator Fertilizer systems to the traditional way of monthly fertilizing lawns then you also see a huge difference. Traditional fertilization tends to overfeed plants, as plants use up most of the nutrients in the first few days following treatment. (Sort of like your goldfish) So essentially, after some time passes, you starve your lawn of these nutrients, at least until you administer treatment a second time. Feast or famine, indeed. Traditional fertilizer also uses a heavy amount of chemicals. Unnatural chemicals plus long starvation periods plus initial overfeeding does not exactly prime your lawn for its fullest potential. Besides, this unhealthy process is also very time-consuming for the average homeowner.

Fertigator Fertilizer systems are a welcomed relief to anyone who has ever toiled over the traditional irrigation process. Fertigator Fertilizer systems automatically fertilize your lawn every time the sprinkler system comes on. This process feeds plants nutrients on a regular basis so that both overfeeding and starvation effects are eliminated. The company also arranges for some types of maintenance, for example, state-licensed pest control. However, much of the maintenance you would expect is not needed because the fertilizer is organic and has natural weed repellants. All the maintenance that is really necessary is that you refill the fertilizer container. All in all, Fertigator Fertilizer systems are designed to be mostly maintenance free.

FertiGator products are available at over 500 wholesale distributors, as well as through online purchase. The company also works with contractors so customers have the option of professional installation, though DIYers should have no problem. If you are looking for a convenient and healthy solution to lawn irrigation, then dig into Fertigator Fertilizer systems for the best results.

Tasmania is situated in the southern part of the Australian continent, considered a splendid getaway island that boasts of untouched wilderness, thousand-year-old trees, rugged coastlines, and rushing whitewater rivers. Tasmania is capable of producing high quality farm products. Its fertile soil, temperate climate and adequate water supply complemented by developed irrigation systems, all contribute to its progressive agricultural industry. In Tasmania, agriculture plays a major part in the economy as there are other industrial sectors that also rely in agriculture.

The government of Australia is oblivious to the fact that agriculture plays a key role in their economy and for this reason, the need to closely monitor and strengthen their irrigation systems in the face of calamities like drought and natural disasters is but imperative. One third of Tasmanias 68000 square kilometers land area is attributed to the agricultural industry which is why irrigation plays an integral part in its agricultural sector.

Statistics reveal that 14,000 gigaliters or 65% of the total water consumed are used for irrigation of agricultural land in Australia. It is alarming to note that this amount of water is not efficiently used the way it should be. Here lies the importance of an efficient irrigation system so that water can be conserved and utilized for the right purpose.

The sprinkler type or overhead irrigation is the one of the most commonly used irrigation systems in Tasmania. Water is sprayed over the crops by use of sprinklers or guns attached to an elevated structure. In a solid set sprinkler system, water is fed from a pump set and runs through a row of pipes or hard hoses. This kind of sprinkler is permanently installed at strategic locations of the farm area that need irrigation.

In a travelling irrigator system, the sprinkler is attached to a wheeled mechanism and has mobility to move across the farm area to perform its irrigation function. Another type of sprinkler irrigation system is the pivot irrigation device where pieces of pipes are connected to a framework of beams holding the pipes together. The sprinkler head moves in a circular motion and water is supplied into the pivot point at the center of the circle. Of all the sprinkler irrigation systems, the centre pivot irrigation is the most widely used by farmers in Tasmania.

A more traditional type of irrigator system is flood irrigation which is considerably the least expensive of all the irrigation systems. Here, water is allowed to flow on the crops directly to the farm bed. It does not require complicated machines to irrigate farms by this means. On the other hand, in furrow irrigation, shallow water canals are hollowed out between rows to catch the water that irrigate the crops.

The importance of an efficient irrigation system is crucial to the development of the agricultural industry in Tasmania. Since agriculture is highly reliant on abundant water supply, emphasis should be given on the proper irrigation agriculture practice by means of getting the appropriate irrigation equipment suitable to the needs of the agricultural lands in Tasmania.

For an aspiring university entrant who is also as passionate about environmental issues, obtaining a scholarship that is aligned with an organization that shares your personal advocacy can be quite a challenge. The more popular scholarship grants nowadays usually come from huge multinational corporations whose ecological advocacies are not wholly exercised.

But that’s where the misconception ends. In fact, there are thousands of eco-friendly organizations that also offer college scholarships for eco-minded students. So if you’re one of this crowd and would like some assistance to finish a rather expensive university degree, you’re in luck. A lot of groups and institutions are watching out for the next eco-minded student to grant awesome educational opportunities.

The most awesome scholarships for eco-minded students are, surprisingly, just right under our very noses. You may approach the following organizations and institutions for general scholarship opportunities.

The First Step: General Scholarships

1. The environmental divisions of the college or university where you are applying.

2. Civic organizations and local community groups

3. Major global environmental groups, like Greenpeace

4. Government agencies that focus on natural resource and environmental issues

5. Local and national science fairs and contests

6. Private business organizations and media outlets that support environmentalism

7. Organizations that advocate conservation

8. Waste and waste management firms

9. Charities that offer environmental programs

Here are more of the most awesome scholarships for eco-minded students (in no particular order).

10. Annie’s Homegrown Sustainable Agriculture Scholarship – Students engaged in food and agriculture related courses and study programs could be awarded around $2,500 to $10,000.

11. Ben Meadows Natural Resource Scholarship – This is open to junior and senior high school students interested in the likes of urban forestry, agro forestry, natural resource management, wildlife management, fisheries management, and other related subjects. The organization simultaneously awards two scholarships worth $2,500.

12. The Garden Club of America – Three $2,000 scholarships are offered to students who want to take up environmental studies during the summer.

13. The Switzer Foundation – Offers a $15,000 fellowship to graduate students already taking up environmental studies and would want to expand their range. Open to students from California and New England.

14. The Vegetarian Resource Group Scholarship – Offers two $5,000 scholarships to students who advocate vegetarianism.

15. Beulah Frey Environment Scholarship – Offers an additional incentive of $1,000 through a contest among applicants who want to major in an environment-related subject.

16. Surfrider Foundation Scholarship – Offers three merit awards to students in good standing and who are already members of the foundation. One undergraduate gets $2,000, Masters level gets $3,000, while PhD gest $5,000.

17. Institute of Ecosystem Studies Research Experiences for Undergraduates – Offered to 8 to 12 undergrads who want to conduct research on an ecological topic. The program runs for 12 weeks, from May to August; and students are given a $4,800 stipend.

18. SCA Conservation Internship

19. NNEMS Fellowship Program – offers eco-students the opportunity to join in a fellowship project. It’s sponsored by the Environmental Education Division in the EPA Office of Childrens Health Protection and Environmental Education.

20. Brower Youth Awards – Named after environmentalist David Brower. Six young environment activitists are each awarded $3,000 plus a one-week gathering in San Francisco, to attend the Bioneers event and join an overnight backpacking event. Open to students 13-22 years old.

21. Morris K. Udall Scholarship – Offers $5,000 scholarships every year to 80 undergrads who are looking to enter environmental studies and native health care. Students will also be sent to Arizona for a one-week leadership conference.

22. Windstar Environmental Studies Scholarship – Founded by singer John Denver and Thomas Crum. Awards one $1,000 scholarship to a graduate student, and two $500 scholarships to undergrads (junior and senior students)

23. Dr. W. Wesley Eckenfelder Scholarship – Offers a $3,000 scholarship for environmental science, chemical, civil and environmental engineering students.

24. Middlebury Fellowship in Environmental Journalism – Awards $10,00 in reporting and board & lodging expenses to budding writers engaged in environmental writing, including face-to-face trainings and ongoing support throughout the year.

25. Nicodemus Wilderness Project Apprentice Ecologist Initiative – Offers $500 to 13 to 21 year old students upon completion of an apprentice ecologist project.

26. Blade Your Ride Scholarship – Offered to full-time undergrad and grad students at an accredited university or college in the US. One student will get $15,000, and two will get $5,000.

27. American Fisheries Society

28. Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation – Called the Wildlife Leadership Awards, it covers a $2,000 scholarship, plus a one-year membership to the Elk Foundation.

29. American Ground Water Trust – Offers opportunities to college eco-students who wish to get into ground water studies
30. The Explorers Club – Awards $500 to $1500 to high school students and college undergrads.

31. National Wild Turkey Federation – Awards $250 to deserving students, who will then become eligible to compete for a $1,000 scholarship. The winners in their respective provinces compete for the national scholarship, worth $10,000.

32. Walt Disney Scholarship Fund – Awards $100,000 to grad students in conservation and environmental education.

33. United States Society on Dams – Awards $1,000 to $10,000 scholarships to deserving graduate-level students who have research studies relevant to dam-related topics.

34. American Nuclear Society – Awarded to engineering or science majors.

35. Snograss Memorial Research Award – Awards monetary grants to graduate students who are engaged in entomology, particularly arthropods, taxonomy, or evolution.

36. BioQuip Undergraduate Scholarship – Offers $2,000 to undergraduates who want to achieve a entomology degree or pursue a career as an entomologist

37. Jeffery P. LaFage Graduate Student Research Award

38. Stan Beck Fellowship – offered to graduate and undergraduate students entomology.

39. National Poultry & Food Distributors Association- Agriculture scholarships

40 Professional Soil Scientists Association

41. American Meteorological Society

42. Wisconsin Environmental Health Association

43. Florida Environmental Health Association

44. National Association of Geoscience Teachers, Far Western Section

45. North Carolina Association of Nurserymen

46. British Columbia Aboriginal Fisheries Commission

47. Perennial Plant Association Scholarship

48. Golden State Bonsai Federation (California)

49. American Indian Science & Engineering Society

50. American Electroplaters and Surface Finishers Society – Environmental Engineering
Scholarship Hunting For Eco-minded Students
With the multitude of eco-related scholarships for eco-students, choosing where to apply entails a major task ahead. Hopefully, with this list of 50 awesome scholarships for eco-minded students you’ll be able to narrow your choices down to find out which suits you best.

Agriculture marketing is the word which is being used in the world of trading. When the goods are transferred from producer to consumer is termed as agriculture marketing. Most of things are connected to each other in agri marketing like production, growing, harvesting , packing, transport, storage, distribution, advertising etc. Market should provide profit to all whether its a customer or producer. It must be customer oriented. In olden days their were different techniques has been applied to transfer product but today in modern marketing different procedures applies to transfer the agri product from producer to customer. Agri products contain everything Seeds, grains, fruits, vegetables, vegetable oil etc. In the development of rural areas, income generation, linkage market plays an important role. These connect social and economic needs.
In the olden days it was very difficult to know the status or rates of the products but in the modern world new technologies are developed through which one can get each and every information related to the market and can be up to date. SMS on cell phone and FM radio facility provides best service to the customer as well as producer. Internet is the another way to get the information. The changes occure can be seen easily. Agriculture commodities are of two types hard and soft. Corn, wheat, soyabean, sugar all are soft commodity. Hard commodity are mined from the ground. One fifth of total GDP contain by agriculture commodities.
Agriculture marketing has two objectives :
1. Sale of surplus commodity
2. Buy other commodity to satisfy needs.
Basically market is divided into three parts :
1.Wholesale market
2. Retail market
3. Fairs
Marketing channel is used through which products are transfer from producer to consumer. Marketing channel consist of storage, handling, transporting, packaging and retailing. In India agriculture is the largest source of employment.
Spot trading is the another term used in market in which delivery takes place on the spot or immediately. Future marketing also done in agriculture products in which the product is being buy or sell in the future trading. The National Commodity and Derivative Exchange, the Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd and the National Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. All three have electronic trading and settlement systems and a national presence. Trading in commodity is much more easier then Stocks because their margin is very low. Brokrage is ranges from 0.05% to 0.12% only.
Commodities are generally considered as more stable and consistant in investing but it also have some risk. Agriculture product are transferred from the producer to the consumer in many different ways. Some acts are also applied over the agriculture trading. On average, every hour, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, around $6 million in U.S. agricultural products–grains, oilseeds, cotton, meats, vegetables, snack foods, etc., will be consigned for shipment for export to foreign markets.