Before purchasing any sites especially agriculture land for non agriculture purpose approval under relevant laws viz. Karnataka Land Reforms Act, 1961, the Karnataka Land Revenue Act, 1964 along rules and other provisions of law is must. And Bangalore Metropolitan Regional development Authority (BMRDA) is regulating authority to approve layouts on outskirts of Bangalore.
Clear title and documentation are hard to come by with agricultural land of Bangalore (Karnataka). The following is a useful checklist of documents for review by a Bangalore law firm / lawyer before purchasing Agricultural land:
Mother deed and sale deed: It is very important document to trace the ownership of agriculture land. And it is basic document that shows how the property at the commencement was acquired there after there will be series of transactions such as sale gift law in Bangalore etc.

Akarbandi: Land topography sketch issued by State Revenue Authority viz. survey department. It establishes the survey number and to whom the particular survey number was originally allotted and the land / property revenue assessment details.

Encumbrance Certificate: Certificate from State Revenue Authority stating that there is no lien on the land / property (Has to be obtained for the last 30 years)

Family Tree of the vendor: State Revenue Authority document required to ascertain whether other family members have a stake in the property

Saguvali Chit: It is also called Grant Certificate. This is issued on Form No..VII in case of grant of Govt. land to the eligible persons for cultivation. This establishes title of the persons in the Saguvali Chit to the land granted.
Conversion Order: Conversion certificate has to be obtained for non agriculture purpose & that has to be checked to determine whether it is DC converted or not.
Khata and up to date Tax-paid receipts: Khata in Form MAR 19 (issued prior to 19. 05.2003) along up to date Tax-paid receipts.
Land Acquisition Status: Endorsements from State Revenue Authority certifying the Govt. acquisition status for the property for instance Notification by B.D.A. or KIADB for acquisition.

Mutation Extracts: History of changes in ownership (for 30 years) as documented in the Khatha Certificates issued by the State Revenue Authority. This is an extract from the mutation register maintained by the village property accountant.

NIL Tenancy Certificate/Form No.7 Endorsement: State Revenue Authority certification stating whether the land has any tenants. This issued by the Tasildar. This endorsement certifies that there no tenancy cases pending in respect of property in question as per the KLR act 1961.

Podi Extracts: Property partition document among siblings if any.

Property Tax Paid Receipt: Latest tax receipt validating that the property tax status is current.

RTC (Record of Rights) / Phani: This is primary record issued by the villager Accountant. It contains details of Survey number, total extent of land property, names of the owner including details as to conversion of land from agriculture to non- agriculture property. (has to be obtained for the last 30 years as per Bangalore law)
Section 79A & B endorsement U/KLR Act, 1961: These are issued by Tahsildar. These endorsement certifies that there no cases pending against the person owning the agriculture land / property.
Village Survey Map: Land location sketch
Patta Book: This book contains information regarding the payment of land revenue and other Govt. dues & information of cultivation. And also contains a copy of the record of rights to the land / property situated in Bangalore.
Tippani: This issued by the Survey Dept. It shows a sketch of the land as the records of the survey Dept.
Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP), Zonal Regulation Map and Survey Map. Apart from the above property should not come within the Green Belt Area.

Indian economy is growing faster owing to the industrial and agricultural sectors since the revolution. India has also shown its dominance and sustained growth in the service and manufacturing sectors as well. But primarily, India is a land of agriculture. Our forefathers were agriculturist. Almost seventy per cent of Indian population is engaged in agricultural practices either directly or indirectly. Earlier, traditional methods were used in agriculture; farmers were using bullock carts, and were sowing seeds manually. Nowadays, farmers have adopted modern tools and techniques in agriculture and are now able to produce double output. Modern agriculture includes implementation of various new technological and institutional factors like use of HYV quality seeds, improved ploughs & irrigation, fertilizers, tractors, harvesters, and other important inputs.

India is the largest producer of sugarcane, tea, cashew, coconuts, turmeric and black pepper and ranks second largest producer in terms of rice, wheat, groundnut and inland fish. Agriculture is the largest economic sector and plays a very important role in the overall socio-economic development of India. Agriculture and other allied sectors account around 16.6 per cent of the total GDP in the year 2007. Moreover, India produces around 10 per cent of the total world’s fruit production, ranking first in banana and sapota production.

Indian Government is taking measure of meeting agricultural requirements by way of introducing various schemes such as construction of rural go downs, strengthening of agricultural marketing infrastructure, developing information network, and grading & standardization. Further, Indian Government has also established the Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute for launching new techniques and procedures for the various agricultural experiments, data analysis and specializes in statistical implementations for cattle and plants breeding.

Ministry of Agriculture has been giving much emphasis on commercializing agricultural production in the country. Sufficient food production & distribution has been considered high priority and global issue. On the other side, the ministry is also emphasizing on practice of horticulture by way of NHM and dissmenting latest production techniques.

Farmers holds small piece of land of their ancestral properties and practice agriculture. The average size of holding by each state varies from 0.5 hectare (Kerala), 0.75 hectare (Tamil Nadu), 3 hectares (Maharashtra), 3.65 hectares (Rajasthan), 4.03 hectares (Punjab) and the highest of 7.28 hectare (Nagaland). Sizes and areas vary due to the natural factors such as rain, soil, climate, population and quality of land. The agricultural output also differs due to inadequate rainfall in a particular year.

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