With the current buzz regarding sustainability, here’s the big query: Sustainable agriculture — Is it in your future?

These are tumultuous times. World warming and environmental degradation are serious threats to the long run of our world. This economic state of affairs is somewhat bleak and recovery is slow. Worry of the future is ever gift in several minds. The matter is that whether or not we have a tendency to acknowledge the environmental seriousness, the monetary concerns and therefore the reservation we have a tendency to feel hold us back from creating significant movement toward positive change. On the other hand, to try and do nothing spells bound disaster in our future.

Sustainability has many definitions depending upon who is defining it! I outline it as agricultural practices which consider, address, and improve the environmental, social, and economic aspects of the operation. It’s like a 3 legged stool. There should be three legs of the identical length and in some cheap configuration in order to possess balance and stability. To neglect one leg or to place it in the wrong place means the business is possible to collapse.

Keeping that balance has several benefits. If anyone ought to be an environmentalist, it should be the farmer. If farmers use the land and water without regard to the results of management, it means that that those resources can doubtless become degraded and/or depleted. It’s like using a car to induce to figure, however never checking the tires, changing the oil nor putting gas in it. It will not be long before you’re looking at alternative transportation. On the other hand, being proactive, considering the consequences, monitoring, and planning ahead can get you there more quickly and with reliability!

Here are ten basic steps to include sustainability into your farm operation:

1. Assess your current scenario

2. Outline specifically what it is that you’re managing

3. Confirm what resources you have offered

4. Write down what you wish to achieve — obtaining to your core principles

5. Arrange your strategy to deal with the setting, finances, and social aspects

6. Check your choices and actions

7. Monitor your progress — think about that you could are wrong

8. Retreat to not off course if you’re off course

9. Completely re-plan when necessary

10. Revisit your goal and your set up

The clock is ticking, however there is still time to form a difference. Each epic journey starts with one small step,and then another. Agriculture is the foundation of civilizations. If agriculture fails, thus does everything else. What are some steps you can take to move toward additional sustainable agriculture? Is it in your future?

Avian flu continues to pose serious health threats to both human and animal health, especially as the flu season approaches. Thats the warning issued Monday by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization.

Listen to De Capua report on avian flu
The FAO is calling on the international community to be vigilant for any signs of H5N1 and the new H7N9 avian flu. The former has been around for years, but H7N9 was first reported in China only last April. About 130 human infections were confirmed. Many of those patients had reported contact with poultry. Most had severe respiratory illness. Forty-four people died.

FAO senior animal health officer Ian Douglas saID timing of the warning is important.

Weve had over a decade of experience with H5N1 avian influenza virus and generally speaking weve seen this pattern of increase of incidence of the disease with the coming of cooler weather following summer. The experience with H7N9 version of avian influenza virus is much more limited. But whilst the number of human cases of that infection have declined, there is the possibility that it could reemerge and become a more prevalent infection.

While both strains can jump from poultry to humans, there is a difference between the two.

Douglas said, The difference perhaps is significant in so far as H7N9 has not been observed to cause much of clinical disease in poultry. And this constitutes a much great challenge because its not immediately obvious where the birds are infected and therefore, of course, the root of transmission to humans is somewhat more concealed.

The lack of clinical signs makes is difficult to detect.

Health officials are very concerned that avian flu viruses might mutate and allow infections between people, not just between people and poultry. But is there any evidence, so far, that human to human transmission has occurred?

There have been some suggestions, he said, of clusters where with very close contact that might have been the case. But of course the possibilities exist for a common exposure to an animal source. Avian influenza viruses can survive for some time outside of the bird or human host and contamination of the environment, at least for a reasonably short period of time, is possible.

Douglas said that avian influenza viruses have the potential to produce a pandemic of human infection.

In the case of H5N1, fairly rapidly. Over 60 countries in the world reported some cases occurring either in domestic or wild birds. That number is much reduced. Today, however, the infections remain endemic from Egypt across South and Southeast Asia and somewhat entrenched in those populations.

He said its not clear whether H7N9 would behave the same way, adding theres much to learn about the virus.

Established control methods involve culling — and vaccinations in the case of the H5N1 virus. But the response must also include tracking where the birds came from and their intended destinations and ensure that poultry markets adhere to sanitation guidelines.

Epiphytes growing areas. Woody wines are wines that grow in cracks in the barn. Stranglers send their roots in the forest litter. Made for receiving power from the decomposition of organic matter. Parasites feed on other trees. Climbers are bushes.

There is some evidence of tropical vegetation. cause leaf drop late drop support and breathability. The leaves are good for a maximum adjustment of sunlight, which is crucial for economic growth. General Wood flanges to act as a support base of the trunk. They have lots of fruit, fleshy. Flowers grow from the cerebral cortex. It can be a very thin coating of the thorns and spines.

The top layer of soil in tropical forests are very thin and no nutrients. Many foliage plants, because the nutrients stored in the ground than you. The main source of nutrients, the decomposition of plants.

Varieties of tropical plants

Some plants burn pineapple, peppers, palms, orchids, ferns, nuts, oranges, lemons, coffee, bananas and avocados. Also present Sawpalm, cat, Dionaea muscipula, lichens Moss, winding grass, central, cypress, oak, Umbrella Plant, Sargasso, sesame, Cedar, Palmetto and Sarracenia

Status rainforest

Amazon is the largest forest. Tropical forests near Ecuador. There are in Africa, Australia, Southeast Asia, Central and South America. Tropical forests in areas with temperate climates such as Russia, Canada and the U.S.. It is difficult to get through tropical forests, lush vegetation and because of poor visibility.

The importance of tropical forests

Tropical rainforests are the lungs of the earth. They are an important source of oxygen. Most plants that grow there. Many plants and trees are applications in medicine. For example, quinine used to treat malaria. Vincristine, derived from the forest are evergreen plants used to treat cancer. Trees to prevent soil erosion. Flood. Tropical forests are a gift to humanity.

Tropical forests are under threat to humanity. Farmers clear the purchase of additional land for agriculture. Furthermore, it has been clear for the settlement of people. Trees cut down for firewood. Trees used as fuel and paper. Tropical forests are being destroyed at an alarming rate. It is important to preserve for future generations.

If we go by the history of our country, agriculture, along with its allied sectors, we can unquestionably say that, it is the largest livelihood provider in India, more so in the vast rural areas. It also plays a major role in contributing a significant figure to the Gross Domestic Product of the country. Sustainable agriculture, in terms of food security, rural employment, and environmentally sustainable technologies such as soil conservation, sustainable natural resource management and bio-diversity protection, are essential for holistic rural development. Indian agriculture and allied activities have witnessed many revolutions since our independence, a green revolution, a white revolution, a yellow revolution, and a blue revolution.

The field of agriculture in India has undergone a massive and rapid transformation in the past two decades. The introduction of the policy of globalisation and liberalistaion has opened up new avenues for agricultural modernisation. This has majorly lead to commercialisation and diversification, but also triggered various technological and institutional innovations owing to investments from corporate entities. India has come a long way from a net importing country. Today India is consistently producing 250 million tonnes of food grains, 100 million tonnes of rice, 90 million tonnes of wheat, 35 million bales of cotton, and more than 18 million tonnes of pulses.

The government has taken several steps to revitalise agriculture sector and improve the conditions of farming community on sustainable basis by increasing investment, improving farm practices, rural infrastructure, delivery of credit, technology and other inputs. Some of the major initiatives taken by the Government of India include:

The Government of India plans to set up two spice parks at Sitarganj and Sahaspur in Uttrakhand with the help of Spice Board of India, said Mr Anand Sharma, Union Minister for Commerce and Industry, Government of India. It has also opened fifth spice park at Mattupetty Sivaganga in Tamil Nadu (TN) for processing turmeric and chilli.

The government has allowed 100 per cent FDI under the automatic route in storage and warehousing including cold storages. 100 per cent FDI is also permitted for development of seeds
The government has launched an initiative to spend US$ 65.1 million to promote 60,000 pulses villages in rain fed areas for increasing crop productivity and strengthening market linkages.

HUNNARBAAZ! Skilled to Win! is a pioneering one hour weekly reality TV show on Doordarshan National that searches for India’s Best Skill Star and Best Innovator.
In the coming episode of the TV show, the discussion and learning would be done on the major concern of the country, Agriculture.

Plastic lumber is a product manufactured from a mixture of recovered materials such as plastic. The product resembles wood and can be used in place of wood, concrete or metal to perform various structural functions. These applications include building recreational equipment, landscaping, and decking. The product however has not yet fully substituted wood in all its functions since it is still under research.

The most common uses of plastic lumber or RPL include: gardening where it is used for making flowerpots, compost bins and fences; agriculture where it is used in making ranch fences, vine stakes, animal stalls and gates; building recreational equipment such as playground equipment, picnic tables, park benches, informational kiosks and decking; among other uses.

There are four major types of Plastic wood, namely; Commingled RPL, High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) RPL, Fibre-Reinforced RPL, and Wood-Filled RPL. The types are highly dependent on the composition of materials. The first type is the Commingled RPL which is made from recycled thermoplastic and consisting majorly of polyethylene. This is so far the cheapest type to manufacture and is mostly used for landscaping and decking.

High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Recycled Plastic Lumber, on other hand, is of higher density than the Commingled variety; hence a bit more costly. It has a distinct advantage in that it is available in a wide range of colours. It is also suitable for landscaping functions and decking.

The third type is manufactured by mixing plastic and glass fibre. The glass fibre is used to reinforce and can be in either continuous or chopped strands. This variety is suited for structural support applications due to the stiffness of the product. A similar product is the Wood-filled Plastic Lumber, which is made by mixing plastic with sawdust. The sawdust fibres reinforce the lumber resulting in great traction and creating a rough texture that is ideal for painting.

Plastic Lumber has several distinct advantages over wood. To begin with, Recycled Plastic Wood is more durable, nontoxic, clean, and nonporous. Other advantages include resistance to moisture and chemicals, maintenance free, splinter free hence no cracking, resistant to graffiti, do not require painting since they are already coloured,, impervious to insects, do not require preservatives or sealants; among others.

Plastic Wood is also very beneficial to the community. Since the lumber is maintenance free, it is a cost effective option for the community and government projects. In addition, it is environmentally friendly since it reduces plastic waste in landfills. Apart from that, Recycled Plastic Timber leads to reduction in treated wood waste.

In comparison to wood, Plastic Lumber is slightly expensive to purchase. However, when the life-cycle costs i. E. Maintenance and replacement that are associated with wood are included, Recycled Plastic Wood is more cost effective. It is also important to note that RPL can be recycled at the end of its useful life; thus making it superior to wood.